Historia magistra vitae est: September 1st

On this day in

  • 1985: A joint American-French expedition led by Jean-Louis Michel (Ifremer) and Dr. Robert Ballard (WHOI) locate the wreck of RMS Titanic, 321 nautical miles southeast of Mistaken Point, Newfoundland, at a depth of 12,467 feet.
  • 1983: Major Gennadi Osipovich, piloting an Su-15 Flagon, shoots down Korean Air Lines 007, a Boeing 747-230B that had wandered off-course into Soviet airspace while flying from New York via Anchorage to Seoul.

Canadian content: Famed Toronto chef Susur Lee‘s first wife (Marilou Covey) was killed aboard KAL 007.  She was one of ten Canadians killed in the incident.

  • 1982: US Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) is founded, responsible for missile warning and command, control and communications (C3) for national leadership.  Land-based ballistic missile forces were merged with AFSPC’s responsibilities in 1993.
  • 1969: Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi and a handful of junior officers stage a coup d’etat against Libyan King Idris I, while the king is in Greece for medical treatment.
  • 1951: The United States, Australia and New Zealand enter the ANZUS mutual defence treaty.  New Zealand and the United States suspended their treaty obligations in 1984 following disagreements over port visits by nuclear-powered or nuclear-armed US naval vessels.
  • 1923: The Great Kanto earthquake devastates the cities of Tokyo, Yokohama, and the surrounding prefectures.  The quake measured 7.9 on the Richter scale and killed approximately 105,000 people.

Canadian content: Canadian Pacific steamship RMS Empress of Australia was docked in Yokohama during the quake.  Although the pier she was moored to collapsed, the ship itself remained in the harbour and acted as a hospital/relief ship for the next twelve days.  Captain Samuel Robinson and his crew are credited with saving over 3,000 civilian lives, and earned a half-dozen awards from various countries.  As a direct result of the ship’s renown, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth specifically requested RMS Empress of Australia to convey them to Canada for their 1939 Royal Tour.

  • 1905: Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.
  • 1532: Lady Anne Boleyn is created Marquess of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of England.  It is the first hereditary peerage granted to a woman.
Category: Historica
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